How to Write a Query Letter That Makes Literary Agents Take Notice

Writing a query letter is a crucial step in the journey of getting your manuscript published. Literary agents receive countless submissions daily, and your query letter is your first chance to make a lasting impression. To ensure that your work gets the attention it deserves, you need to craft a compelling query letter that stands out from the rest. In this guide, we will provide you with a step-by-step process on how to write a query letter that literary agents will find irresistible. Let’s get started!

1. Understand the Purpose of a Query Letter

Before you start crafting your query letter, it’s essential to understand its purpose. A query letter serves as an introduction to your manuscript and yourself as a writer. It’s your opportunity to pique the interest of literary agents and entice them to request more materials, such as your full manuscript. Keep in mind that your query letter is essentially a sales pitch for your book, and its primary goal is to make literary agents want to learn more.

2. Research Literary Agents

One of the key steps in writing an effective query letter for a literary agent is to research literary agents thoroughly. Not all agents are the same, and they often have specific genres or types of manuscripts they prefer. To increase your chances of success, identify literary agents who specialize in your genre or subject matter. Check out their submission guidelines, preferences, and recent sales to ensure that your work aligns with their interests.

3. Format Your Query Letter

Your query letter should be well-structured and follow a standard format. Literary agents receive numerous submissions, so keeping your letter clear and concise is crucial. Here’s a recommended format:

Header: Include your contact information and the agent’s information.

Salutation: Address the agent by name (avoid “To Whom It May Concern”).

Opening Paragraph: Start with a hook to grab the agent’s attention. Mention why you’re reaching out and provide a brief introduction to your manuscript.

Synopsis Paragraph: Summarize your book’s plot, main characters, and conflict. Highlight what makes your story unique.

Author Bio Paragraph: Share relevant information about your writing experience, publications, or any qualifications that make you the right author for this book.

Closing Paragraph: Politely request that the agent considers your manuscript and thank them for their time and consideration.

Closing: Sign off with a professional closing, such as “Sincerely” or “Best regards.”

4. Write an Engaging Hook

The opening paragraph of your query letter is your chance to hook the literary agent’s interest. An engaging hook should be concise and captivating, making the agent want to read more. You can use a compelling question, an intriguing statement, or a brief anecdote related to your book to draw them in.

5. Craft a Compelling Synopsis

In the synopsis paragraph, provide a concise yet comprehensive summary of your book. Focus on the main plot, characters, and central conflict. Avoid spoilers and keep it engaging. Make the agent want to dive into your manuscript to discover more. Keep the synopsis to the point, highlighting the unique elements of your story.

6. Showcase Your Author Bio

Your author bio paragraph is an opportunity to demonstrate why you are the right person to write this book. If you have relevant writing experience, publications, or qualifications, mention them here. Share any expertise or personal connections that make your book authentic and credible.

7. Personalize Your Query Letter

Personalization is key when writing a query letter. Agents appreciate it when they can tell that you’ve done your homework and that you’re genuinely interested in working with them. Mention specific reasons why you chose to query that particular agent, such as their recent sales or clients they represent. Tailor your query letter to show that you’re not sending out generic, mass submissions.

8. Keep It Concise and Polished

Literary agents have limited time to review query letters, so it’s essential to keep yours concise and polished. Aim for a length of 250-350 words, excluding the header and closing. Be clear and to the point, avoiding overly complicated sentences or excessive details. Proofread your query letter carefully to eliminate any errors.

9. Follow Submission Guidelines

Each literary agent has specific submission guidelines that you must follow. These guidelines may include details like file format, subject line, or the preferred method of submission. Ignoring these guidelines can lead to your query being discarded, so it’s crucial to adhere to them precisely.

10. Mention Comparable Titles

In your query letter, you can enhance your manuscript’s appeal by mentioning comparable titles. These are books that share similarities with your work in terms of genre, style, or theme. Comparing your book to successful titles can help agents better understand your work and its potential market.

11. Be Patient and Persistent

After sending your query letter, it’s essential to be patient. Literary agents receive many submissions and may take time to respond. If you receive a rejection, don’t be discouraged. Rejections are a part of the process, and many successful authors faced numerous rejections before finding the right agent. Keep revising and sending out your query letter to other potential agents.

12. Seek Feedback

Consider seeking feedback on your query letter from writing peers, critique groups, or beta readers. Constructive feedback can help you refine your query letter and make it even more compelling. Fresh perspectives can point out areas for improvement that you may have missed.

13. Keep Track of Submissions

It’s a good practice to keep a detailed record of your submissions. Create a spreadsheet to track the agents you’ve queried, the date of submission, and their response (if any). This will help you stay organized and avoid sending duplicate queries to the same agent.

14. Revise and Refine

Writing a compelling query letter is an ongoing process. Don’t be afraid to revise and refine your letter as you learn from the feedback you receive and the responses you get (or don’t get). Continuous improvement can make a significant difference in your success.


Writing a query letter that captures the attention of literary agents is a skill that every aspiring author should master. By understanding the purpose of a query letter, researching literary agents, following a proper format, and personalizing your approach, you can increase your chances of success. Keep your letter concise, be patient, and be open to feedback. With persistence and dedication, you can create a query letter that makes literary agents take notice and helps you on your path to getting published.