A bone density test is a procedure for determining various issues in a person. It is a disorder that characterizes fragile and soft bones that are more likely to break. X-ray helps in measuring the amount of calcium and different bone minerals within a single segment of bone. The test is necessary for the hip, spine, and forearm. Doctors use the procedure for understanding bone density and identifying the increase of fragility of the bone. It helps them in determining the risk factor of broken bones and confirming the diagnosis of osteoporosis.
It also assists the doctor in monitoring the treatment of osteoporosis and thereby provides you with a healthy life. Remember that the mineral content of your bone has a direct relation to bone density. The denser the bone, the stronger it is. Bone density tests are thereby used extensively by doctors worldwide. Although the diagnosis differs from bone scans, they help detect cancer, fractures, abnormalities, and infections.
Symptoms of osteoporosis
Although osteoporosis is common among older individuals, it can develop at a younger age. Irrespective of the age or sex, the doctor may recommend a bone density test in case of last-height bone fracture, continued intake of some drugs, and drop in hormonal level.
People who complain of losing around 1.5 inches, that is, 3.8 centimeters in height, may risk developing osteoporosis. It is because compression fractures in the spinal cord that leads to height loss. Fragile fractures take place when the bones become soft and break sooner than expected. Many doctors have written blogs requesting people to check my blog. Fragility fractures are sometimes the result of an accident. Although you may be amazed at it, there is evidence establishing this fact. A sudden decrease in the hormonal level of an individual is also an indication of the development of osteoporosis.
How will you prepare yourself for the test?
These tests are fast, easy, and painless. There is no preparation required for the bone density test. However, you have to convey to the doctor if you recently underwent a barium exam or had taken contrast material injection. It is because contrast materials interfere with the bone density test. When it comes to medication and food, try avoiding calcium supplements for 24 hours before the examination.
Try to wear comfortable and loose clothing and avoid belts, zippers, or buttons. Try to keep your jewelry to the minimum and, if possible, leave it outside because no metal object is allowed inside the room.
Although the test does not take much time, you must become mentally strong for the same. You must lie down on a padded platform. There will be a mechanical arm that will pass over the body. You will get exposed to radiation, but that is at a low level. The test takes 10 to 30 minutes, and there will be a portable or small machine for measuring the bone density. These instruments are known as peripheral devices, which do not cause any harm to the human body. Hence, do not get bothered; instead, maintain your calm.